Tag Archives: Psychological

PostADay2011:Autism- Know them, to handle them…


I have always loved reading and understanding stuffs related to psychology. I used to keep reading about alot of child psychological disorders or even normal behaviors. Somehow understanding these individuals always was fascinating for me. In this post, I have mentioned about one of the readings :

Autism- A disorder of neural development characterized by impaired social interactions and communication, and by restricted and repetitive behavior. These signs all begin before a child is three years old.

Autism has a strong genetic basis, although the genetics of autism are complex and it is unclear whether ASD is explained more by raremutations, or by rare combinations of common genetic variants. In rare cases, autism is strongly associated with agents that cause birth defects. Controversies surround other proposed environmental causes, such as heavy metals, pesticides or childhood vaccines.

Parents usually notice signs in the first two years of their child’s life. The signs usually develop gradually, but some autistic children first develop more normally and then regress. Although there is no known cure, early behavioral or cognitive intervention can help autistic children gain self-care, social, and communication skills.  Not many children with autism live independently after reaching adulthood, though some become successful. An autistic culture has developed, with some individuals seeking a cure and others believing autism should be accepted as a difference and not treated as a disorder.

About a third to a half of individuals with autism do not develop enough natural speech to meet their daily communication needs. Differences in communication may be present from the first year of life, and may include delayed onset of babbling, unusual gestures, diminished responsiveness, and vocal patterns that are not synchronized with the caregiver. In the second and third years, autistic children have less frequent and less diverse babbling, consonants, words, and word combinations; their gestures are less often integrated with words. Autistic children are less likely to make requests or share experiences, and are more likely to simply repeat others’ words (echolalia) or reverse pronouns.

 

Let me give you an example: I used to be a teacher. It never had to be my profession. But due to some reasons, I was one. A very noble profession afterall.There was once, this student had just started coming to this institute of Math and Eng- Kumon. She was supposed to do her work in around 1/2 an hour. And trust me, she took around 2hours to complete this. Her paper consisted of simple additions like6+4=? , etc. While I was sitting there and watching if she started off with mentioning the time, I was amazed by seeing, that while her 1st qtn said 6+4=? she did write- 10. But she kept on writing the same answer throughout the whole page. Even after telling her, she did not understand. And she also kept on repeating the same answer verbally.

Such children and people need care, love and a little more attention. Understanding them is the only solution to know them. They cannot be treated, but always remember when all the doors close, god opens that one window of Hope. And for these individuals only their nerves are damaged, but their brains actually work faster than computers.

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